A LAND RICH OF HISTORY
Located in the extreme south-west of Sardinia, it is famous for its ancient origins and traditions. Inhabited as early as 5000 years ago, the area was privileged above all by the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians who, first, discovered the rich mineral deposits present in the subsoil and began to exploit them.
Between a visit to a Carthaginian temple, a walk in a mining park, a boat ride and a swim in the sea, visitors can taste the gastronomic delicacies of the region, such as tuna, oil, pecorino, artichoke and honey, accompanied by a good glass of Carignano DOC del Sulcis. Lovers of crafts will not want to leave, without having brought with them at least a sample of the beautiful tapestries, carpets, jewelry and knives that a thousand-year tradition of spinning fabrics and metalworking can produce with great skill.
Iglesias, mines and the Middle Ages
If the industrial heritage has been recognized by UNESCO, the historical center preserves some jewels of the ancient “Villa di Chiesa”.
Its mines and its industrial heritage have been recognized by UNESCO in 1997 but in Iglesias, 60 km from Cagliari, you can still feel the air of the Middle Ages. Walking in the center you reach the historic heart of the ancient “Villa di Chiesa” with the Town Hall and the cathedral dedicated to Santa Chiara dating back to the thirteenth century.In the religious itinerary you can not miss a visit to the church of San Francesco where there is the retable of the Mainas, or the church of the Purissima where the chandeliers are kept.You can also visit the historical archive where is kept the “Brief of Villa di Chiesa”, the book of the laws of the city of 1327.Mining knowledge is the mining institute that houses the Mineralogical and Paleontological Museum and the Mining Museum.The ideal itinerary can be concluded with a visit to the mining facilities: from the Villamarina di Monteponi tunnel to the Bellavista villa.In the municipal territory there are many archaeological attractions such as the nuragic and prenuraghic sites, as Medau Mannu, Is Cadonis, Punta Sa Pannara, Santa Barbara, the domus de janas of San Benedetto, the temple of Serra Abis and the tombs of the giants of Martiadas and Genna Solu.
Antas, the breath of History.
The temple, erected by the Punic and used by the Romans, was dedicated to the Sardinian God Sardus Pater Babai.
Among the steep reddish rocks, covered by holm oaks, cork oaks and shady oaks that climb among the rocky walls, rises the solemn Temple of Antas¸located 500 meters above sea level, about 10 km from Fluminimaggiore, the temple was raised by the Punic and later used by the Romans, both attracted to the area by the iron and lead deposits.
The Punic temple, built at the end of the 5th century BC, was dedicated to the God Sid Addir, linked to the nuragic cult of water and vegetation.
The Roman construction was, instead, wanted by the emperor Augustus to be then restored during the years of Emperor Caracalla.
Dedicated to the Sardinian God Sardus Pater Babai, the temple probably housed a statue of the deity, as some excavations have brought to light a large stone finger, attributable to a colossus of three meters in height.
In the area around the temple are the original Punic bases, a small necropolis, remains of an ancient nuragic village, the quarries and a Roman path.
Within the site the Start Uno cooperative organizes guided tours full of unknown and fascinating stories, while the Naturally Sardinia offers about forty programs to better explore the territory of Fluminese: trekking, mountain biking and hiking in this beautiful area rich in history , archeology and beauty.
Montevecchio, journey to the earth’s centre.
Between the abandoned village and the perfectly restored old workshops, the visit to the mine leaves a mark on the visitor
Inserted in the Geomineral Park of Sardinia and recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of humanity, the Montevecchio Mine offers an experience that leaves a mark on the visitor.
Here it is possible to make a journey through the mining activity (started in 1848 and lasted until 1991) held in Costa Verde, one of the most beautiful and indomitable places in Sardinia.
These mines of blenda and galena (minerals from which zinc and lead were derived) were the industrial forge of the island, the scenario of a harsh and diverse reality, witnessed by the four routes through which the visit unfolds, between the now uninhabited village and the different industrial sites.
In the building of the Direction, built in 1877, stand out the magnificent blue hall of the Sanna family and the attic of the servants, but they are the mines that tell lives swallowed in the red belly of the earth.
Do not miss the workshops (some of which have been perfectly restored, with winches and compressors inside) and the tracks, with its little cars that have been redened by time.
Pan di zucchero, the cathedral of Poseidon
The great rock in front of the mining site of Porto Flavia is one of the wonders of Sulcis
Arriving at sunset, after a day among the wonders of Sulcis, your amazement will not diminish.
It is a limestone rock with a sinuous shape that rises dazzling against the sunlight.
Like a huge hand on the sun disk, its contours stand out as powerful as the light explodes in all shades of orange and yellow, touching the ancient outlet of the Porto Flavia mining port, worthy of a mountain king.
Pan di Zucchero is the cathedral of Poseidon, built by the sea and the wind in all its 133 meters of height.
If you want to get close to a small boat, you’ll feel like you’re touching a sea monster while climbing enthusiasts can take on a breathtaking challenge.
Not far away you can admire the rocks of S’Agusteri and of “Il Morto”, and the cliff of Punta de Is Cicalas.
At the foot of Porto Flavia it will then be the wind to transport you to the Grotto of the Soffione, so called because the cavity, once full of water, expels the waves with a single foamy stream. A sudden joke of the sea.
Journey in the ancient Sulki
Founded by the Phoenicians, Sant’Antioco is one of the island’s oldest cities. And it will surprise you with its beaches and its seafood dishes
Sant’Antioco is one of the oldest cities in Sardinia.
Connected to the mainland by an artificial isthmus, it preserves the historical memory of the city of Sulki, founded by the Phoenicians in the first half of the eighth century BC. and of which remains the sacred area of the Tofet, of great interest.
The great menhirs of Su Para and Sa Mongia, the tombs of the giants of Su Niu ‘and Su Crobu and the Grutti Acqua complex, dedicated to the cult of water, bring us back to the Nuragic and Pre-Nuraghic era.
Other testimonies of a long history come to life in the city’s archaeological museum, where a selection of artefacts from the recent Neolithic period to the precious funerary objects of the hypogean necropolis of the Is Pirixeddus hill and to the Roman period are exhibited.
But Sant’Antioco also surprises you with its seafood dishes (tuna is the undisputed king along with cous cous of African origin) and with a constellation of beaches (like Co ‘e Quaddus and Maladroxia) that will delude you for a moment to have reached Heaven.
In the coves of Cala Sapone and Cala Lunga you will be enchanted by the play of water between the rock basins.
If you then decided to give yourself a dive, prepare to live like a documentary in the dream bed of the island la Vacca.